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hunting cheater

There are three main islands off the coast of Tanzania - Unguja, Pemba andMafia but Unguja Island as the largest of the 3 is generally referred to as Zanzibar.

With good flight connections between all the islands and the major tourist attractions on the mainland the combination of a wildlife Tanzania safari and exotic islands makes Tanzania Africa's finest safari and beach destination.

ROAD 2 AFRICA can arrange your perfect island getaway, or combine it with the safaris to give you the ultimate and unforgettable Tanzania Safari - wildlife and beach life!


Zanzibar’s colourful history is an epic saga of travellers and traders, raiders and colonisers. To its shores came Sumerians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Phoenicians,Indians, Chinese, Malays, Persians, Portuguese, Arabs, Dutch and the British, each leaving behind a legacy of their stay. From the island the great European explorers – Burton, Speke, Livingstone, and Stanley – set off for their voyages of discovery into the vast, uncharted wilderness of the great African hinterland. Bantu tribes from the mainland were the first inhabitants of the island, but by 700 AD the Indian Ocean trade winds had brought Persians and Arabs to its shores.

From the beginning of the 16th century, for 200 years, Portuguese raiders dominated this part of the East African coast. Then, in 1652, Zanzibar was invaded by Arabs from Oman, signalling the end of Portuguese domination. Sultan Sayyid Said moved his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar in 1840 to exploit the flourishing slave trade and the island grew in power, wealth and population. David Livingstone strongly protested against this inhumane activity creating a ground-swell of opposition in Britain. Under pressure the Sultan outlawed the export of slaves in 1873. Zanzibar then became a British protectorate in 1890 and in 1913 power was transferred to the British. Independence was achieved, in December 1963, under Sultan 39 Jamshid bin Abdulla but the sultanate was toppled in favour of a People’s Republic a month later. On April 26, 1964 the republic joined Tanganyika to form the United Republic of Tanzania.

Just the name, Zanzibar, evokes dreams of romance and mystery and the reality will not disappoint the traveller seeking an enlightening and enjoyable holiday experience. Zanzibar - the name includes the main island, Unguja, and its sister island, Pemba - has for centuries attracted seafarers and adventurers from around the world. Now it welcomes a new generation of explorers - those who have come to marvel at the rich heritage, reflected in the architecture and the culture of the people.

Visit Zanzibar’s historic Stone Town which is now another of Tanzania’s seven UNESCO World Heritage sites. Relax on the dazzling white, palm-fringed beaches, where the azure waters of the Indian Ocean beckon swimmers, divers, fishermen and water-sports enthusiasts alike. Breathe in the fragrant scents of cloves, vanilla, cardamom and nutmeg, and discover why Zanzibar is called “The Spice Islands.” Explore the forests, with their rare flora and fauna. Or visit some of the many ancient, archaeological sites.

Spend a few days here before or after a safari on the African mainland or, better still, allocate a week or two and immerse yourself in the magic that is Zanzibar


A 20 minute flight south of Dar es Salaam, Mafia Island was Tanzania’s first Marine Park. It is one of the most exciting diving and fishing areas in the world and is home to some four hundred species of fish and five species of turtle. Sports fisherman flock here for the superb catches, many of them great fighters, which include barracuda, marlin, sailfish and tuna. The main season is from September to March although fishing is possible all year round within the reef and channel. Divers will see a veritable kaleidoscope of reef dwellers among the fifty types of coral. These include butterfly fish, clown fish, lion fish and rainbow fish while, in deeper waters, they will come across groupers, rays and sharks. The rare dugong breeds in the Mafia Channel while the green and hawksbill turtle nest on the smaller islands


Fifty kilometers north of Zanzibar main island and directly opposite the mainland port of Tanga, is the highly fertile Pemba Island which, although smaller than Zanzibar, is hillier and greener and grows three times as many cloves.

Pemba has its own distinct character with more historical monuments, particularly ruined mosques and tombs, than on the main island; some excellent beaches; and spectacular diving and fishing In the center of the island is Chaka Chaka, the capital and main town, where there are remains of a 200 year old Arab fort. Some 14km to the west, at Ras Mkumbuu, are the ruins of a 14th century mosque and some elaborate pillar’ or ‘chimney’ tombs used to mark the burial place of prominent Muslims. While 10 km to the south the Pujini Ruins feature a fort built around the 15th century and known locally as Mkame Ndume. Other interesting sites may be seen near Kangagani, Mkamandume, Chakalakati and Mtangani Island, on the east coast, and near Wete to the north. Also in the far north of the island is the Ngezi Forest Reserve, a protected area containing rare trees – some not found anywhere else in the world. These include the Pemba Palm known locally as the Mapapindi Palm. The wildlife features the indigenous Pemba Flying Fox – really a large bat – blue duiker, civet, vervet monkey, marsh mongoose and tree hyrax. Bird species include flycatchers, hornbills, kingfishers, turacos, starlings and several varieties of owl

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